Assam, অসম the rich, green land of rolling plains, dense forests, blue hills, beautiful rivers ,green tea ,black oil, rarest of flora and fauna, exotic wild life and a cultural heritage of India is situated in the north eastern part of India. Assam takes pride in everything that is a part of it, from the rare species of one horned rhino to the hospitality of its amiable people.With an agri-based economy, Assam produces some of the finest and most expensive teas in the world. Petroleum and Muga-Silk are the major economic sources of the region.
In the year 1826, according to the treaty of Yandaboo, Assam went to the hands of the British. In 1874, a separate province of Assam was created with Shillong as capital. After Independence of India, Assam witnessed several separation of territories. In 1948, NEFA (Arunachal Pradesh) was separated. Nagaland and Meghalaya were curved out of Assam in 1963 and 1972 respectively. In 1987 Mizoram was granted statehood.
Long before the coming of the Aryans in India, millenniums before Christ, this ancient land of Assam was inhabited by people , whom the scholars call "Austrics" or "Austro-Asiatic". They are so called because they are said to have migrated from Austronesian and other islands of the Pacific Ocean. The beautiful megaliths or columns of stone which they erected over the graves of their dead are found in different parts of Assam.This shows that at one time they lived in wide areas of Assam. The Khasis and Jayantia are believed to be the descendants of the Austrics of ancient Assam.
The tribes of the mongolian stock entered Assan long after the Austrics had come. It is said that the Tibeto Burma tribes of the mongolian race was followed by the greate Bodo tribes. In the age of Mahabharata this part was called Pragjyotishpur. It was however, known as Kamrup to the 'Puranas' and 'Tantras'.


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